How exactly the copy machine works?

You must be familiar with the term photocopy. But, do you know how it works? This electronic device uses static electricity to print out a copy of your document. Another important component inside the photocopy machine is the selenium-coated cylinder surface that loaded with electricity.

Static electricity that flows through the engine will give back a charge, both positive and negative charge. These two charges also tug towards each other. Photocopy machine usually needs an efficient way of installation just like what is done by technical installation solutions from Rhenus Lupprians.

Components Used in Photocopy machine

At least, there are 5 components used a photocopy machine, they are:

  1. The paper you want to copy.
  2. Reflector beam.
  3. Toner or powder ink.
  4. Drum player.
  5. Paper that displayed the copy.

How to Work a Photocopy machine

In brief, the process of photocopy Are:

  1. First, place the paper to be copied in a face-down position;
  2. Next, when the machine is activated, the reflector beam will scan to capture the image from the paper;
  3. The ink powder or toner then reacts automatically and will flow to the drum. Later, the ink will be spilled according to the scan results based on the working of the copy machine;
  4. The drum that holds ink will rotate and print the scan on the surface of the paper provided to produce a copy.

So, how does the powder ink or toner ink work in the photocopy machine so that it can produce a copy of an image or document?

This could not be separated from the contribution of the reflector light on the copier. The beam is reflected, then penetrates the lens which will create a printing material on the surface of the rotating cylinder. Because the image on a rotating cylinder produces a positive charge of static electricity, the copy tends to be invisible in the beginning. While the black part of the image is positively charged, the white part is not.

Then, the black ink powder which contains a negative charge from the toner will be sprinkled on the image that has been reflected on the rotary cylinder. The powdered ink is then absorbed by the positive charge, so the black image will be printed on the cylinder. Images with negative charges will not absorb ink and this part will stay white. Once the image is defined as positive and negative parts, the ink will be sprayed immediately. In the end, the image produced by the toner on the cylinder surface will be transferred to the paper while it is still spinning.