Above The Law
Around 1900 Max Weber outlined his “scientific” method to law, identifying the “authorized rational kind” as a type of domination, not attributable to non-public authority however to the authority of abstract norms. Formal authorized rationality was his term for the vital thing attribute of the sort of coherent and calculable law that was a precondition for contemporary political developments and the modern bureaucratic state. Weber noticed this law as having developed in parallel with the growth of capitalism. Another leading sociologist, Émile Durkheim, wrote in his classic work The Division of Labour in Society that as society becomes extra advanced, the body of civil law concerned primarily with restitution and compensation grows at the expense of felony legal guidelines and penal sanctions. Other notable early authorized sociologists included Hugo Sinzheimer, Theodor Geiger, Georges Gurvitch and Leon Petrażycki in Europe, and William Graham Sumner in the U.S.